Arterosil HP – the only dietary supplement with a US patent targeting vulnerable plaque! Learn More >  

Donna Gates, Donna Gates, M.Ed., ABAAHP

Arterosil® - the only glycocalyx regenerating product patented to stabilize and regress vulnerable plaque*

Available through licensed healthcare practitioners.

About the Endothelial Glycocalyx

"The Protective Non-Stick Lining of Your Arteries"

Structure of endothelial glycocalyx and its activation of vascular muscle relaxation via nitric oxide (NO) in response to increased shear force3,6

The endothelial glycocalyx is a microscopically thin gel-like layer that coats the entire luminal side of the vascular endothelium. It is the key to endothelial health because it prevents cholesterol and other particles from adhering to or penetrating the endothelial wall.

Its functions in vascular and micro-vascular health include:

  • Regulates vascular permeability and fluid balance due to the large size and negative charge of its glycosaminoglycans2,3
  • Provides a physical barrier against inadvertent adhesion of platelets and leukocytes to the vascular wall4
  • Regulates coagulation as many of mediators of coagulation pathway are buried inside the glycocalyx under normal physiological condition5
  • Functions as a mechano-sensor and transducer of the shear-force inside blood vessels to regulate the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) in response to the blood flow3,6

See the Videos

Glycocalyx Damage and Associated Pathologies

The endothelial glycocalyx is a delicate structure and can be damaged under many conditions. The primary contributors to breakdown of the endothelial glycocalyx are high blood glucose, oxidative stress and inflammation. Pathologies associated with impaired endothelial glycocalyx include:

  • Coronary heart disease7
  • Hyperglycemia8
  • Diabetes9
  • Renal diseases10
  • Lacunar stroke11
  • Severe trauma12

About Arterosil®

U.S. Patent No. 11,135,238. International Patents Pending.

Arterosil contains MonitumRS™ – a proprietary extract of rhamnan sulfate, a specialized sulfated polysaccharide derived from the rare green seaweed, Monostroma nitidum. Rhamnan sulfate is a powerful glycocalyx regenerating compound and has been reported to possess many cardiovascular health benefits13.

The rhamnan sulfate found in Arterosil has a similar chemical structure to heparan sulfate found abundantly in human endothelial glycocalyx, and may exert its biological activities by regenerating endothelial glycocalyx.

Manufactured in the USA, Arterosil is available through licensed health care practitioners.

Arterosil Research Studies

Numerous cellular, animal and human studies have been conducted on Arterosil, including the following:

MRI Carotid Plaque Regression Study
Hospital in Beijing — Human Pilot
Finding: Study in early phase – licensed health care practitioners may view initial data here

Glycocalyx Mediated Endothelial Function as Measured by EndoPat
Medicus CRO — Human Study
Finding: Arterosil demonstrated measurable improvement in endothelial function

Endothelial Function as Measured by Arterial Elasticity
Baylor Heart Institute Campus – Human Study
Finding: Arterosil improved endothelial function – arterial elasticity increased by an average of 89.6%

Glycocalyx Regeneration Study
Chinese Academy of Sciences — Cellular Study
Finding: Arterosil repairs and regenerates glucose damaged endothelial glycocalyx

Leukocyte Adhesion Study
Maastricht University — Animal Study
Finding: Arterosil prevents the increase of leukocyte adhesion and inhibits endothelium-mediated inflammation


  1. Bernhard F. Becker, Daniel Chappell, Dirk Bruegger, Thorsten Annecke & Matthias Jacob. Therapeutic Strategies Targeting the Endothelial Glycocalyx: Acute Deficits, but Great Potential. Cardiovascular Research (2010) 87:300–310.

  2. Bernard F. Becker, Daniel Chappell & Matthias Jacob. Endothelial Glycocalyx and Coronary Vascular Permeability: the Fringe Benefit. Basic Research in Cardiology (2010) 105:687–701.

  3. F. E. Curry & R. H. Adamson. Endothelial Glycocalyx: Permeability Barrier and Mechanosensor. Annals of Biomedical Engineering (2012) 40:828–839.

  4. A. W. Mulivor & H. H. Lipowsky. Role of Glycocalyx in Leukocyte-endothelial Cell Adhesion. American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology (2002) 283(4):H1282–H1291.

  5. Sietze Reitsma, Dick W. Slaaf, Hans Vink, Marc A. M. J. van Zandvoort & Mirjam G. A. oude Egbrink. The Endothelial Glycocalyx: Composition, Functions, and Visualization. Eur J Physiol (2007) 454:345–359.

  6. Bingmei M. Fu & John M. Tarbell. Mechano-sensing and Transduction by Endothelial Surface Glycocalyx: Composition, Structure, and Function. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Syst Biol Med. (2013) 5(3): 381–390.

  7. Ties A. Mulders, Max Nieuwdorp, Erik S Stroes, Hans Vink & Sara-Joan Pinto-Sietsma. Non-invasive Assessment of Microvascular Dysfunction in Families with Premature Coronary Artery Disease. Int J Cardiol. (2013) 168(5):5026-5028.

  1. Max Nieuwdorp, Timon W. van Haeften, Mirella C.L.G. Gouverneur, Hans L. Mooij, Miriam H.P. van Lieshout, Marcel Levi, Joost C.M. Meijers, Frits Holleman, Joost B.L. Hoekstra, Hans Vink, John J.P. Kastelein & Erik S.G. Stroes. Loss of Endothelial Glycocalyx During Acute Hyperglycemia Coincides With Endothelial Dysfunction and Coagulation Activation In Vivo. Diabetes (2006) 55(2):480-486.

  2. Claudia Nussbaum, Ana Cavalcanti Fernandes Heringa, Zuzana Mormanova, Alexandra F. Puchwein-Schwepcke, Susanne Bechtold-Dalla Pozza & Orsolya Genzel-Boroviczény. Early Microvascular Changes with Loss of the Glycocalyx in Children with Type 1 Diabetes. J Pediatr. (2014) 164(3):584-589.

  3. Carmen A. Vlahu, Bregtje A. Lemkes, Dirk G. Struijk, Marion G. Koopman, Raymond T. Krediet & Hans Vink. Damage of the Endothelial Glycocalyx in Dialysis Patients. J Am Soc Nephro (2012) l23:1900–1908.

  4. Remy J.H. Martens, Hans Vink, Robert J. van Oostenbrugge & Julie Staals. Sublingual Microvascular Glycocalyx Dimensions in Lacunar Stroke Patients. Cerebrovasc Dis (2013) 35:451–454.

  5. Elaheh Rahbar, Jessica C Cardenas, Gyulnar Baimukanova, Benjamin Usadi, Roberta Bruhn, Shibani Pati, Sisse R Ostrowski, Pär I Johansson, John B Holcomb & Charles E Wade. Endothelial Glycocalyx Shedding and Vascular Permeability in Severely Injured Trauma Patients. J Transl Med. (2015) 13:117.

  6. M. F. de Jesus Raposo, A. M. B. de Morais & R. M. S. C. De Morais. Marine Polysaccharides from Algae with Potential Biomedical Applications (2015) Mar. Drug 13:2967-3028.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

U.S. Patent No. 11,135,238. International Patents Pending.

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